After an Auto Crash, Victims Tend to Suffer These Injuries Most Often
Car accident injuries can vary by severity and the area of the body that’s damaged. Generally, however, these injuries are either:
- Impact injuries, meaning trauma caused by the exertion of some force on the body or when a body collides with another object
- Penetrating injuries, in which a foreign object breaks the skin, causing an open wound
Whether victims suffer impact and/or penetrating injuries in a car crash, the severity and types of injuries depend on several factors, including (but not limited to):
- The vehicles’ speeds prior to the crash
- How many times a car was hit in a wreck
- The points of impact and whether a car was hit from the front, rear, or sides
- Whether victims were buckled up or wearing helmets (if car accident victims include motorcyclists and bicyclists)
- Whether victims were inside or outside of the car at the time of the crash and, if inside the car, where they were sitting in the vehicle with relation to the point(s) of impact
- Whether airbags deployed
Most commonly, though, victims tend to sustain at least one of the following car accident injuries after a moderate to serious crash:
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- Spinal cord injury (SCI)
- Neck injuries
- Loss of Limb
- Bone Fractures
- Burn Injuries
- Internal Injuries
- Soft Tissue Injuries
- Disfigurement & Scarring
- Psychological Trauma
Below is a closer look at each of these car accident injuries, along with how they happen in crashes and what impacts they can have on victims.
1. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Car crashes can cause TBIs when the head hits any part of the vehicle in the collision or when the force of an impact thrashes the brain against the skull. In fact, motor vehicle accidents are a leading cause of TBIs in the U.S. — and car crashes are the number one cause of deadly traumatic brain injury (source: CDC).
With crash-related TBIs, it’s also important to know that:
- Traumatic brain injury does not have to be serious to cause lasting damage. Concussions, a mild form of TBIs, can have persisting symptoms, with compounding damage when victims have a history of prior concussions (or when they suffer additional concussions afterward).
- For some TBIs, it takes time for symptoms to fully develop. That can make it difficult to diagnose TBIs in their initial stages when symptoms can be latent.
- Severe TBIs can result in serious cognitive impairment, seizures, and coma.
2. Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
More than 38% of spinal cord injuries are caused by car accidents (source: NSCSC). That works out to roughly 113,000 new crash-related SCIs each year in the U.S. Nearly 60% of these result in tetraplegia, meaning paralysis in the upper and lower parts of the body. In the most severe cases, that can include paralysis of the shoulders, neck, and/or head.
Other key facts about car accidents and spinal cord injuries include that:
- SCIs can be complete or incomplete. Complete SCIs mean the spinal cord in completely severed whereas it remains partially intact with incomplete SCIs.
- Medical treatment costs of SCIs are anywhere from about $380,000 to $1.2 million during the first year of living with the injury.
- Over a lifetime, spinal cord treatment costs can be anywhere from $1.2 million to $2.8 million.
3. Neck Injuries
Whiplash, neck sprains, and pinched nerves are just a few types of neck injuries commonly resulting from car crashes. In most cases, these neck injuries occur when the impacts of collisions cause the head to violently shake back and forth, crunching and damaging the nerves, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and/or bones in the neck.
For many, neck injuries from car accidents can end up causing debilitating complications even with medical treatment. Those could include chronic pain, severe headaches, and even paralysis.
4. Loss of Limb
Amputation can occur during the course of a crash or after if digits or limbs are so severely damaged that they need to be removed by medical professionals. Unlike some of the other car accident injuries, loss of limb is inherently disfiguring. Consequently, it’s common for victims who have lost their limbs to suffer depression.
5. Bone Fractures
Broken bones are another common car accident injury, usually resulting from impacts like (but not limited to):
- Deploying airbags
- Vehicles running over victims
- Hitting the cement after being thrown from a vehicle
- Victims instinctively putting their hands or arms in front of them before a head-on collision
Bone fractures can be hairline breaks, compound fractures, traverse fractures, or even oblique fractures. Depending on the type of fracture and where the broken bones are in the body, they may cause other damage, like internal bleeding or ruptured organs.
6. Burn Injuries
Road rash, contact with scalding vehicle parts, and vehicle fires can all cause burn injuries. In fact, every year in the U.S., about 1,500 people suffer burn injuries due to vehicle fires (source: NFPA). That’s an average of at least 4 people a day sustaining burns in car fires.
Like amputations, burn injuries are innately disfiguring, leaving victims with lifelong scars, as well as an increased risk of infection, chronic pain, and other devastating complications.
7. Internal Injuries
Internal bleeding and organ damage are also common types of car accident injuries. Like TBIs, these injuries can be impact or penetrating injuries. Unlike TBIs, however, internal injuries can be primary or secondary in nature, meaning they are either caused by the impact of the collision or they result from another car accident injury, like a rib fracture puncturing a lung.
8. Soft Tissue Injuries
Bruising, sprains, cuts, and strains are just some soft tissue injuries that are common after minor to severe car accidents. Painful and potentially scarring, soft tissue injuries may not always be readily apparent after a crash, especially when adrenaline and shock overshadow symptoms like soreness, stiffness, and inflammation.
9. Disfigurement & Scarring
Scarring and disfigurement can impact mobility, psychological wellbeing, and overall quality of life. For some victims, living with scar tissue and disfiguring injuries can also mean chronic pain, severe anxiety, and a lifelong need for corrective surgeries and/or other medical care.
10. Psychological Trauma
No less painful than physical injuries, psychological trauma from car accidents can include (and many not be limited to):
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Severe stress
- Mood swings
- Intense anger
That can result in an array of complications and impacts, from insomnia and new phobias to relationship damage, the inability to hold down a job, and more.
When You or a Loved One Suffers Car Accident Injuries
No matter what injuries you or a loved one sustains a car crash, the suffering and losses can be very real — and they may alter your life forever. They can also be the foundation for legal claims, which may give you a way to seek compensation and justice for car accident injuries and losses.